Research shows that the fall of the Roman Empire resulted due to ineffective administration, unstable economy, diversity in the Empires’ cultural setup and values, and declining military power. The poor administration that included leaders with less concern for the social and political well being of the Empire encouraged the people to look upon powerful landowners to solve their problems (Brun, 2006). This led to the decline in power of the rulers. The unstable economy and huge tax burdens fostered discontent among the lower class.
The Germanic people were an ethnic group of ancient Europe. As they migrated south and westwards, they clashed with the Romans and gained control over most of the societies of the Western Roman Empire. German in the Western Empire fused their norms and traditions with those of the Romans to create a common culture (Wilcox & Embleton, 1982). Although both groups were Christians, the Germans practiced Arian Christianity. Unlike the Roman system in which the court settled most of the disputes, the Germanic law used a personal approach.
While the Western Roman Empire fell under the forces of the Germanic warriors, the Eastern Roman Empire, though rocked by the crisis of the fifth century, regrouped and survived. The diversity in socio-political status in the two sections of Empire influenced the level of unity and patriotism in the two blocs (Spielvogel, 2008). The East had a more centralized leadership with Constantinople as the imperial capital. The presence of many imperial capitals in the Western Empire promoted inconsistency in administration and led to division among the subjects.
The motives for the Viking Danes largely emanated from the need to cater for the demands of the expanding Viking population. Gaining control over old trade routes and expanding new ones provided a source of revenue generation. The weakening of surrounding territories due to internal divisions served as an encouragement for the Viking expansion (Spielvogel, 2008). Other motives could have been as a means of resisting the forced adoption of Christianity.