The Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
In this paper, the main goal will be to provide a critical review about the four noble of truths in Buddhism as a religion. It will be expected to present a personal review on the reasons for the Buddhists holding a pessimistic perception about the world and, in the last section of the evaluation, an apparent analysis of desire as part of suffering will be provided. According to the article “A View on Buddhism” (1), the four basic truths in Buddhism refer to the teachings that Buddha presented to Sarnath after he had attained the knowledge. These truths are: “life is suffering”, which stipulates that as human beings, people were made to suffer given that the world and humanity, in general, lies under great imperfections. This noble truth further indicates that life comprises mostly of pain, sickness, hatred, old age, war and, in the end, death. Although, at some point in time human beings experience positive aspects like love, wealth, happiness, and comfort in the end, these things come to a stop. The sudden end in positive things is meant to remind human beings that fine things last for moments and that nothing good ever lasts forever. The second noble stipulates that the fundamental of suffering lies with the attachment the people have with their respective lives. This means that suffering originates from human mind in the sense that people become delusional hence the propping up of traits such as ignorance, anger and desire. People are perceived to be engaging in matters which end up bringing problems to them as well as others. This basically means that with every negative deed people engage in there is the likelihood that it will formulate a potential negative experience altogether. This is referred to as Karma in Buddhism. The third noble truth stipulates that the aforementioned sufferings experienced by human beings are completely avoidable altogether. The truth further stipulates that the end of suffering in human nature most probably lies within human beings themselves in the sense that the attachments and negativity they have about life is self-inflicted and, when eliminated, can provide an end to suffering.
A further explanation into this statement implicates that suffering can be overcome when people decide to eliminate the cause of suffering and practice to appreciate situations in which worries, challenges, and sophistication are all missing. The ability to reach this particular state is never easy to those, who have on no account attained it. Buddhists refer to this situation as Nirvana (a state of peace). The fourth of the noble of truth indicates that the path to the elimination of suffering and problems is present (Minitri 48-59). The path that leads people to the end of suffering lies between two extremes, that is, self-pity and self-mortification. The channel to this particular suffering leads to “the end of the cycle of rebirth” and that this channel keeps on improving from such negativities as delusions and craving when people minimize there tendency to allow for the Karmic condition. Buddhists hold onto these sentiments for the mere reason that the world is a corrupt place, which makes sure that human beings are in constant problems and are made to wander about in constant pain and eventual death. They also hold onto these sentiments because of the unexplainable mysteries in the world as a whole. Mysteries, which include injustices subjected to the poor while the corrupt make there way out of punishments (justice). Desire is an attachment, which human nature clings onto without the understanding that its loss is inevitable; hence results in suffering. Human beings focus much on impermanent matters, which are short-lived in nature; desire is a major example of this impermanent matter (Minitri 60-67).