Leadership is known to be the interaction process through human communication that is meant to woo or change the attitudes and characters of others so as to meet the organizational missions and visions or even the personal goals. In the leadership, some theories posses some traits which are autocratic leadership theories, functional, situational and participative theories and leadership have to come from leaders themselves. These leaders have to be self-made in nature but not born (Heifetz, p.71). Nevertheless, some argue that some leaders are also born with some inborn qualities which can be classified as the courage, intelligence and humor of which when combined can portray a man to be a leader.
Those leaders who have got the willpower and desire to become effective in any organization whether at school institution or anywhere. In Autocratic leadership theory, here, leaders make decisions and impose that decision to their followers while in functional theory, it focuses on what the leaders do and their behaviors that are displayed. In situational leadership, the leadership style is normally based on the leaders beliefs, personality, experiences, working environment and situations arising while participative theories, consultations among the leaders and the followers is made for decision-making purposes (Montana, & Charnov, p.106).
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In these leadership style theories, which are autocratic leadership theories, functional, situational and participative theories, they both have some similarities common in them, their leaders do influence the outcome of the results of their organizations through their communication (Vroom, Victor & Sternberg, p.302). When it comes to their followers or employees in the organization, they all have the team spirit in them and they do support each other when it comes to teamwork. But in functional, situational and participative theories, they both encourage motivation in workers to make them progress. Coaching from their leaders is part and parcel of them (Heifetz, p.83).
When it comes to differences, there are a bunch of them. In Autocratic leadership style, the leaders make decisions on their own before delivering them to the employees. There is little appraisal from the leaders when the workers perform better in their work. In participative leadership theories, there is decision making among the leaders and they followers or employers in the organization. This idea normally impacts the organization through it taking lots of time in decision-making process. However, in functional leadership style theory, leaders’ behaviors are looked upon instead of observing the personal characteristics. This differentiates it by far the characteristics of other leadership styles (Vroom, Victor & Sternberg, p.303). And finally, situational leadership is also different from other leadership because leaders have there own beliefs and the experiences they have.
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In summary, as much as leadership is all about self-made and some as a matter of being born, one needs to be effective in a way to be a good leader. All the leadership theories such as autocratic leadership theories, functional, situational and participative theories have got their characteristics of making them to be effective leaders. Motivation through rewards among the followers or employees should be the key thing of encouraging them for better results or to achieve the organizational objectives. Dialogue should also be encouraged between the leaders and the followers for better results of the organization or any followers a leader may have.
To be effective, one needs to have trust and confidence in the top leadership, have an understanding of effective communication whereby the employees or followers need to understand the company’s objective and also how to contribute to the organizational missions and visions to achieve their goals and also sharing the information on the progress of the company. Finally, to be a leader, you must have courage, intelligence and humor of which when combined, and respect him for self will attract and make your followers to support you anytime.