Steps in Planning Systems

Assessment, delegation of safety responsibilities, safety management training, employee training and safety planning form the core steps that every organization should follow to minimize risks and hazards.


Assessment entails evaluating the organizational culture, which is a major factor that influences employees’ work practices. Work practices are subject to the policies promoted by the top management. Methods such as surveys, questioning or observation can facilitate the assessment of safety practices (Jeynes, 2000). These approaches help to identify the presence or absence of safety practices in various tasks as one can evaluate employees’ perception regarding safety. A successful assessment process provides insight into the level of safety training and responsibilities. It acts as a foundation for the other four steps of safety planning.

Delegation of Safety Responsibilities

Delegation of safety responsibilities involves the creation of awareness regarding safety responsibilities. The common perception regarding safety is that it is solely the responsibility of the safety personnel. However, everyone in an organization, including the top management, has the responsibility of maintaining safety (Dinsmore, 2010). Approaches such as establishing a team responsible with safety promotion and a safety committee are essential to realize effective safety management.

Management Safety Training

The training entails enlightening individuals entitled to overseeing various processes such as production, on the successful execution of safety practices. It should be comprehensive and consider things such as system tools training, corrective action development and safety responsibilities. Such an approach is beneficial especially concerning line managers as they are highly responsible for safety.

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Employee Training

The workforce needs training on various relevant safety topics. Employees are also responsible for maintaining safety, and disregard to this process may have adverse effects. Approaches such as organizing safety weeks help to impart the workforce on matters regarding safety practices (Mendeloff, 1979). It is essential to execute employee training on rotational basis to achieve optimal results.

Safety Planning

Safety planning provides an approach towards the achievement of safety. An effective safety plan considers various aspects such as a company’s safety goals and various safety systems. A safety plan requires regular review for optimal results.