The social-cultural aspect of ancient Europe can be evaluated from diverse perspectives that highlight both similarities as well as differences during Renaissance period. In Europe, cultural practices was geared towards promoting a particular social phenomenal among the communities. In a precise approach to similarities between the Italians and Northern European Renaissance various social-cultural aspects arises. Notably, before the reformation of the church by Martin Luther in the fifteenth century, Christianity was the only faith in both Italy and Northern European. The influence of Christianity in both regions was powerful to the extent that individuals from Europe expressed their association with Christendom rather than the particular part in Europe (Sluter, 2011).
In addition, the church was central in giving fundamental artistic background aimed at promoting art in both Italy and Northern Europe Renaissance. On this basis, the common literature materials deployed in promoting culture in both regions entails stories in Christian settings as well as figure to portray themes. Also, the system of Guilds that emerged in the middle age was common to both Italians as well as Europeans during the period of Renaissance. The system played a significant role in promoting common social-cultural practices in both Italy and Northern Europe Renaissance. For instance, the notion of developing sculptures both in Italy and Northern Europe was basically based on the system that had emerged from a common basis.
The social and cultural differences between the Italian and Northern European Renaissance
Disparity in both culture and social aspects was evident between Italy and Northern Europe during Renaissance period. The differences reflected the disparity in fundamental issues that was associated with either region during fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Though both the Italian and the Northern Europe cultural practice involved arts, they differed on various perspectives. For instance, gothic culture, as well as architecture, was dominant in the northern than in Italy. In addition, the cultural practices in the Northern Europe depended heavily on gothic culture till the sixteenth century. However, the cultural practices in Italy involved various arts that influenced the social aspects of communities. Notably, during the Renaissance period culture was highly vested on the arts and developed by artists in respective parts of Europe on this basis.
On this basis artists in the Northern Europe were spread across the area and operated from different geographical locations. In this case cultural influences from art perspective were diverse in the Northern Europe due to the scattered nature of artists. On the other hand the Italian artists during the Renaissance period were centralized in particular place hence influenced social structures from pre-established amenities. In addition, Italy social development is heavily vested on the notion of humanism. The thinkers in Italy mainly introduced philosophical concepts in the society based on the broad division of humanism. On the other hand, Northern Europe believed on reforms that would transform the society towards social prosperity. Actually it is revealed that due to the reforms associated to the church the northern were rebellious to ideologies affiliated to the church in Rome.
Relationships between the arts and the cultures of the Italian Renaissance and the Northern European Renaissance
During the Renaissance period arts had developed and became part of the cultural practices not only in northern Europe but also in Italy. Notably, the social aspect is an integral part of society and played a significant role in modification of community norm as well as the correlation between arts and cultural activities. From this perspective both Italy and northern Europe, community acknowledged the existence of the Supreme Being in the society. In order to highlight the significant of God in the society during Renaissance both Italians and Northern Europe had God as the fundamental aspect in arts. Therefore, they heavily designed artistic materials based on importance of Supreme Being. This played significant role in influencing the culture of both societies in the basis of spiritual well being. Based on the notion of artistic development during the Renaissance the two distinct societies in Europe influenced their cultural practices from the perspective religious ideologies as well as description of God.
However, Italy was in full support of the church and based its culture on the teaching of the church. The fact that Italians were in the forefront in promoting church believes its culture highlighted close relation of the church ideologies with the social aspect of the Italian communities. On the other hand Northern European Renaissance was rebellious to the ideologies advocated by the church. On this ground coupled with the notion that art was correlated with religion as well as culture, the Northern Europe Renaissance culture was developed o the basis of reformation to church ideologies. The rebellious notion culminated to development of the culture that highlighted disunity between the church ideologies and that in the north that advocated for reformation.
Reflection of both social and cultural differences in the arts
The social-cultural disparity between the Italians and Northern European Renaissance are evident and played an instrumental role in influencing the way of life in both regions. That fact that religion was common in both regions and influenced cultural activities differently contributed to a large part to the development of art. The fundamental role played by art in the society was to influence the social structure in a particular manner as well as to portray the core values of the community. In Italian arts, the paintings were designed to highlight saints at the top painted materials. However, in Northern European, the painting revealed more of human suffering. In this case, culture disparity was evident in the arts, the Italian endorsement of the church and the north rebellious nature towards protesting for reformation.