Martin’s life was more secured despite that fact that it was during the depression era. His family was the so-called religious group of individuals. They were a bunch of preachers from his great-grandfather, his grandfather, his father, his father’s brother then his only brother. So as Martin reiterated in his book that because of this, to be a pastor of their Christian faith is not hard for him to be one either. Martin and his family had experience how it was to be treated being a nigger. They had suffered all the humiliations from the white people as sited on pages 7, 8 & 19.
On those pages, they were supposed to sit on the black on any back sit whether it was along the waiting area or at the bus. This prompted Martin to join the “civil rights movement” (p. 14) to find justice for individual freedom. His crusade was greatly inspired by Thoreau’s “On Civil Disobedience” that is to follow the “theory of non-violent resistance” (p.14) and “Satyagraha” of Mahatma Gandhi which means “Love Force” (p. 23). He felt that all these can be done through his ministry (p. 18). He fought for equal rights for the black people to the whites.
Malcolm X was imprisoned in 1946. He wrote a book about his life inside the prison wherein Elijah Muhammad became his mentor. His readings made him realize that what Elijah had portrayed to him “that the whites were the devils” were true (Chapter 11 – p. 172, 174, 184) and that Allah’s “chastisement” will befall upon them as what happened to his brother Reginald (p. 192). He became an avid follower of Elijah. (p. 194).
In the comparing Malcolm and Martin, it can be noted that both are civil rights advocates who strove hard to fight black suppression in their own ways. Martin did it the Christian way while Malcolm X did it the Islam way.