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Leadership and Management

Skills approach in leadership and management is one of the forms of leadership that many governments and organizations apply in their day to day activities. One of the essential aspects to note concerning this form of leadership is the fact that it mainly applies in areas where there are high levels of competition, and its main benchmark is that it has a leader-centered perspective and approach to leadership. However, unlike other forms of leadership such as the humanistic approach to leadership, skills approach to leadership does not put into considerations factors such as a leader’s personality and individual traits. Rather, it mainly looks at and addresses the leader’s skills and efficiency at his work, as well as other leadership traits that a leader can learn and develop (Northouse, 2012, p. 84).

Traits leadership, on the other hand, is the form of leadership whose school of thought explains that there must be specific sociological, psychological and physical attributed in a leader, for him to be effective in his work. Therefore, from this understanding, it is evident that traits’ leadership has a more humanistic approach to leadership. However, there has been criticism between traits leadership and skills approach in that traits leadership’s school of thought claims that skills leadership does not accommodate the humanistic aspect of leadership in their traits, which might lead to inefficiency at work. On the other hand, however, skills approach’s school of thought maintains that it addresses the humanistic aspect of leadership because its three benchmark areas of leadership which it puts into consideration are the technical, human and the conceptual skills. From this aspect, therefore, it is evident that it looks at all aspects of leadership. By addressing the human aspect of leadership, therefore, skills leadership addresses the human traits, which is the greatest aspect that traits approach addresses (Maxwell, 2011, p. 56).