International Conflicts

According to Mao Tse Tung, guerilla warfare is a powerful social revolutionary struggle between an oppressor with an army, troops and equipments and the oppressed after the latter has reached the maximum level of endurance. Mao argues that guerilla operations are totally dependent on people either from civilian masses or soldiers who are responsible for their own units and battalions.

The strengths of Mao tactic was that guerilla bands focused on political rights and equality and independent of command increasing citizen and soldier support. They tend to be decentralized enhancing swiftness during attacks and detachment. His tactical weakness was that his forces depended on enemies’ supplies and ammunition instead of acquiring their own. They were not strategic in their wars attacking from every direction and fleeing where necessary.

According to Marc Sageman a former CIA case officer during the Soviet-Afghan war, the global jihad is a worldwide religious sectarian movement whose goal is to establish a past glory in a Great Islamic State an agenda frustrated by western states. He argues that Al Qaeda is no longer the main organizing force for terrorist attacks but a source of inspiration to other radical groups identified with it.

The strength of Marc’s arguments is manifested in the fact that outside influence and group dynamics influences Muslim youths to be radical. Individuals’ traumatic events personally experienced or shared online or offline sparks moral outrage. He also states that jihad movement is self-terminating as its followers will turn from violence and embrace dialogue and diplomacy. The weakness in Marc’s arguments is that social media and communication tools are a platform for hate messages across the world encouraging sectarianism among the jihad terror community.