Human Development and Paleolithic Arts
Prehistoric cultural stages and development have been represented by ancient artistic works. It has been a creative works of humans, tools and equipment images. Paleolithic archaeology has been interested in the organization growth and development of the first human culture. It was found that ancient people had widely used different mammals and instruments from the beginning of the times. It can be seen from the charioteer of Delphi, a sculpture made from bronze and situated in National Archeological Museum at Athens, which presents a man in a position of throwing an arrow. This creative work helps to understand that the ancestors of modern people used arrows in wars or games.
It has not been proven yet by now, but modern research suggests that the early proto-human form descended from ancient primate but the difference had been seen from the beginning of Pleistocene epoch. This is because the oldest tools that are known have been found in the horizons of Lower Pleistocene Age. During this age, many changes occurred that left original geographic marks on the landscape. The northern latitudes experienced many successive episodes of glacial phases known as G?nz, Mindel, Riss, and W?rm. It led to the formation of river valleys that represent modern coastlines. At the immense extent, development of culture during this ancient period has given rise to the diversity of ecological factors that made a representation to the consecutive level of the Pleistocene epoch. This can be evident by the original works. (Haviland & Haviland. 2014).
Other oldest creative undisputed works were found at Schwabiche Alb, Baden- Wurttemberg. One of the earliest is supposed to be the Venus figurine which is today found in the national archeological museum at Athens. In the same museum, there is an artistic carving (the Venus of Willendorf) from the upper Paleolithic period which is thought to be dated ten thousand to forty thousand years ago. It includes curved paintings of a nude woman, which points out a picture of mankind's growth and development dated to some years back. The majority of prehistoric sculptures depicted animals or humans. However, the ancient art consisted of mostly women statues and not men ones, although many researchers argue that both men and women wore garments to cover their private parts. It has not been confirmed whether the early Stone Age represented the deities of any kind.
A caveat Turbo in South Korea has been noted to have some cultural heritage. After keen observation, it has been found to contain curved deer bones. It can be argued out basing on the depictions of the deer that they may be over 40,000 years old. Pot shards in one of the styles of the early Japanese tradition have been found at Sokchangiri and may be dated back to the Upper Paleolithic period. This is evident through the ancient curving of early humans.
According to history of Paleolithic period, humans were food hunters and gathers. They depended entirely on hunting animals and birds, fishing and collection of wild fruits, nuts and berries. This can be proven by the artistic carving that was done in the very periods. Those carvings represent a men with arrows a definite element of hunting. The artistic factual record of this history can be studied from very scholastic and imperishable objects of today's extinct human cultures. They were made up of flint, stones bones and antlers. These on their own have stood as evidence to researchers today together with remains of contemporary animals hunted by forefathers in the pre-historical time.
From the original works that have been found, it is clear beyond doubt that human development process has been continuing from prehistoric time. The process of increasingly more sophisticated technologies, each founded on one single tradition that in some way characterizes the cultural development of Paleolithic times. The original works such as the Venus of Willendorf, or Discobolus has brought out the trend on a "simple-to-complex" basis. A stage of non-specialization was also important.
It has been brought clear that manufacture of artistic stone implements uncovered some important traditions that were developed by our Paleolithic ancestors. Such traditions as pebble- tool, bifacial- tool (hand- ax tradition), flake- tool and blade- tool dated back centuries. Though today these traditions might be forgotten in many parts of the world, some other regions have persistently employed them. The very tools and methods are being used in other areas. However, in general, the whole trend has started with plain stone tools having a solitary edge sharpen for cutting and chopping. By 20-th century there were no real pebble-tools known in Europe. In some part of Asia, on the other hand, rock tools of primitive type continued to be used throughout Paleolithic times. This argument puts it right to conclude that human form has developed during the Paleolithic period having its expression in the art of prehistoric Middle East, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean and Greek cultures.
- Haviland, W. A., & Haviland, W. A. (2014). Evolution and Prehistory: The human challenge. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.
- Kleiner, F, (2009). Gardner's Art Through the Ages: the Western Perspective, Vol. 1. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.