History Short Questions
The Hitler’s territorial aggression and the reactions by the British and French at Munich
Most historians have come to a consensus that the World War 1 was Hitler’s war in that he was a treat to the general European peace. When Hitler took the power as chancellor through the enabling act, he implemented his foreign policy with its objectives clearly violating the Versailles treaty. His aim was to make the Germany the most powerful states in the nation of Europe. Though Hitler was an opportunist, he was a man driven by fanaticism and his destiny being identical as Germany, he was able to undermine his opponents will to resist.
Because of this, the British believed that the Germans by the provision of the Versailles have been treated harshly and so they were willing to make a concession with them. French, having the largest army, refused to contemplate an offensive war, instead; they protected their borders. To make it worse, the British and French did no longer trust Russia and so the establishment of an alliance was impossible leading to the British to introduce the policy of appeasement.
The Lend-Lease Act its contribution to Stalin’s apprehension of the intentions of the Us in WWII and the Atlantic Charter
The Lend-Lease act was a program introduced on March 1941 by the united states government during world war 2 which enable the united states to provide an alliance with war materials, as it was still a neutral county. It was the most visible sign of Wartime Corporation between the Soviet Union and the United States. Though Stalin refused to reveal the contribution of this act to his people, he mentions in his remarks, “…Lend-Lease is one of Franklin Roosevelt’s most remarkable and vital achievements in the formation of the anti-Hitler alliance…” (John, 2001). The act also forbade jurisdictional strikes, secondary boycotts, and right of employees to have an exemption on bargaining with unions unless they wish so.
The Pearl Harbour and US intelligence on the Dutch East Indies Theory, General Barry Mitchell and the aggressiveness of the Japanese towards the US
Pearl harbor is an active united states navy, which is located in the island of Oahu in the State of Hawaii. Apart from its active nature, it is also a site of an infamous attack, which during the World War 2 launched the United States into the war. The Japanese attack to Hawaii was not on the pearl harbour but was a full inversion and occupation after the United States forces drove off the island. On the other hand, the attack on the United States was because the United States enacted an embargo on all oil supply to the nation of Japan.
The Japanese battle plan on the United States is entirely based on the false principles, which was unlikely to work and counter the advancing American naval planning. The Japanese assumed that the Americans would move across Pacific, unable to protect the ships in an appropriate manner and the success of the midget submarine.
The Rainbow 5 and the Europe first scenario. (color war plan) 5.
The military forces pursued the policies based on the Rainbow 5 war plan during the World War 2. The American war planning was a response to the course of domestic and international affairs. The war plan scenario was based on the world alliance and development in international relations. This defied the truth that the early war planners were not cognizant of the world affairs or the developments of bilateral relations between the United States and other nations.
Rainbow 5 and rainbow plans was done between the year 1939 and 1941 and were based on five hypothetical scenarios. Rainbow one, which was a plan of war defence in protecting the United States, was assumed to be without any major allies. Rainbow 2 assumed that the United States was in allies with both the Great Britain and France. The allies were expected to counter Germany and permit the United States to focus on conducting an Allied offensive against Japan in the Pacific.
Rainbow 3 was to have an implementation of war plan orange and the classic strategy to defend the Japanese. Rainbow 4 had an extension on the defence of United States hemispheric to include the rest of southern America. Rainbow 5 provided that the United States be allied with both France and Britain. This last rainbow became the foundation for the United States strategy during the World War 2.
The Truman’s policies, the bomb, and containment as outlined by George Kennan and the Truman doctrine
This came as a way of preventing the spread of communism after the World War 2. Harry Truman put across the Truman policy to assist the free people in achieving self-determination and enable the United States be committed to the establishment of the economic and military programs to stop the spread of communism. Because of the establishment of this policy, United States made a promise to fight the spread of communism throughout the whole world. This further resulted to the idea of containment, which had an objective of keeping communism, as it had already existed, but to prevent its spread to the other countries in the world. Its aim was not to fight the war with the communist Soviet Union, but rather to confine the Soviet Union and communism to the existing boundaries. George F. Kennan always had a belief that the contentment was a prelude to rollback and that the soviet union will never reach its pre-war borders created this policy contributing to the new foreign policy of the United States.