Eugenics in America
Eugenics is a social movement, which claims to be able to improve genetic features through selective breeding and sterilization of the human population. This idea helps to distinguish between inferior and superior elements in the society. Eugenics in America has played a vital role in the culture and history of America from the historic times to the current days. Eugenics is also rooted in the political, social and economical philosophies in America. In this case, it advocates for exchange, distribution and production in the state in order to distinguish between superior and inferior elements in the American society.
Early Proponents of Eugenics in America
Sir Francis Galton’s biological deterministic ideas were the first roots of the American Eugenics movement in the 1880’s. It helped in the arrangement and conclusion of social and political positions through a superior genetic makeup. During this time, the movement believed in the genetic superiority of the Anglo Saxon, Germanic and the Nordic people. It is necessary to note that during this time, the movement got its funding from different corporate foundations. Eugenics is widely accepted in America from the historic times till today. However, some scientists criticize this theory. They assert that eugenicists use a crude method in characterizing human beings. In the year 1910, many scientists, professionals and reformers joined forces to actively promote the Eugenic legislation. The first association was established in 1906. Margeret Sanger was one of the prominent American birth control movement leaders who were members of the eugenic movement. She advocated and called for prevention of the birth of unwanted children. She also advocated for sterilization in case women were unable to give birth. This association and many other women associations played a big role in the eugenic legal reforms and legislation. After the Eugenic legislation was passed, many Americans accepted the movement. The movement advocated for the rapid growth and progression in the nation. The movement also featured technological, manufacturing, agricultural and scientific developments. This was also subject to space and time in relation to health and disease development (Margaret 11).
The official American Eugenic entity founded its immigration restriction league in the year 1894. This league was intended to consider all the inferior from diluting America. In this case, the movement restricted immigration by the inferior races. The movement considered America as the superior racial stock and they did not want to dilute the same. During Anglo Saxon period, the upper-class Northerners were considered as a more superior race. In the year 1911, the eugenics legislation committee was formed. In a statement at the same year, the committee asserted that the society needed to protect itself from vicious protoplasm in order to create a healthier society in the future. The immigration bill was passed in the year 1924 and for the first time since the establishment of the movement, the Eugenics was allowed an important role in the congress debate (Hasian 490).
Eugenics Effect on Nazi Germany
The Eugenic movement factors race and class in their definition of unfit and fit. American Eugenics assert and believe that by use of intelligent testing, they can detect and determine social mobility and the genetic fitness of an individual. The movement reaffirms the existence of racial and class hierarchies. This is explained by positive eugenics as procreation promoted and encouraged by the fit in the society. After the establishment of the movement in the United States, it was spread to Germany. During this time, the literature on the movement was promoted and sent to the Germany scientist and eugenics. This helped to fund many Germany Eugenic programs in the year 1934. One of the eugenic leaders in Germany asserted through literature that people should work on shaping powerful ideas and opinions behind intellectuals who support Hitler. It is necessary to note that after 945 there was no distinction between the American eugenics movement and the Nazi’s eugenics.
Eugenics in America was rooted and can be traced back to 1900. It is vital to note that from the historic times, eugenics was not only a belief but a hope that unfit persons would be restricted from diluting the fit persons thus ensure proper governance and use of power. In 1900, the eugenics movement or party was born in America. This movement was within the popular congress movement that tried to deal with the problems in America during that time. The American eugenics movement was based on a democratic ideology which is very common in the present times. The history of eugenics in America is important not only for intellectual historians but for students, Americans and other nations. This challenges Americans to rethink the radical thought paradoxes. Eugenics has been seen as a form of government in many ways. That is why it advocates for public control of wealth and public ownership of the same. In this way, wealth is distributed according to genetic fitness and social mobility in a nation and class structure and favour is torn down (Kühl 78).
Cary Buck Case
The Carry Buck case is one amongst many cases that has seen America through this struggle. Carry E. Buck was a plaintiff in 1906 to 1983 in the United States Supreme Court. He was in the case between him and Bell on a legal challenge on the states behalf to test statute legality. The surgical report read that the case was operating under the sterilization law to test the constitutionality of a Virginia Act and appeal before a supreme court after the rehearing had previously been denied. However, the court made it clear that the challenge was on the substantial law and not the medical procedure. In this case, the court was satisfied with the fact that the Virginia sterilization Act had complied with all the due process requirements of the hearing should not have taken place until all the parties were present. The court held that there was no violation of the eighth amendment citing the value of law in a bid to prevent incompetence in the nation. In this case, Carrie and her mother were accepted as promiscuous generation that shared feeble-mindedness as a genetic trait. Therefore, the decision was a majority victory for all the eugenicists. This victory encouraged eugenics all over the United States of America and increased membership and strengthened eugenic believes and attributes on the same. In this regard, the Carry Buck case was a big push for eugenics in America and other parts of the entire world (Robert 560).
Since the historic times, conflict between capitalism and eugenics has been a major concern. The reason for that were the eugenic ideas that can destroy democracy revolution. A eugenics idea is a basis on which sets rules in work places in order to produce more value in the work place. The promoters help to empower and create democratic economy n a production plan. It is vital to note that capitalism does not contribute to profit reinvestments. Local governments in the United States are some of the promoters who help to implement eugenics policies. These help to transform lives and implement programs all over the nations. Eugenics promoters enhance and create a production plan that helps to invest in productive jobs. The eugenics principals have not only provided decent housing but also educates the poor in rural areas and rebuild cities. In this way, decent housing is integrated in the slums and hospitals, schools and roads are built in the community and society. Economic decisions made by promoters help to provide training programs, which are necessary for extra skills.
These promoters also help to finance profits from the movement and thus help to boost the economy by encouraging the creation of new weak from decent wages. The promoters defend women’s rights and the rights of the minorities. The eugenic ideas develop and create national child care plans which take care of the children. They have opened and encouraged enormous resources which are very important in the economy. However, in 1952, these movement and its promoters began to slow down the capitalist system crisis. In this case, the socialist policies were reintroduced to develop and create long-lasting products and long-term stability on the same. This happened because short-term profits would have no gains and would lead to the production of defective products.
The other eugenics promoters encouraged the cancelation of national debts. It is vital to note that this debt is a big threat to economic livelihood in many other countries. Therefore, the national labour government cancels the debt to rich investors in order to protect the workers investments. In this case, most nationalists and promoters are not exciting about the cancelation. They suggest that eugenics steal for them. For example, in the 1980’s a bank collapsed and many workers had to lose their life savings. Eugenics American movement and promoters also helps to expand democracy in many states. The American eugenic movement is committed to expand the democratic rights of the people in the area. In this way, the democratic control extends to work places, schools and the institutions. This simply means that eugenic promoters have helped to transform the lives of Americans and other people in the world. This presents a better future for the generations to come.
It is necessary to note that the ideas and ideals of eugenic promoters are rooted on the many members’ experiences. From the year 1900 to the present times, America has seen an increase in the crisis and struggle from the same. However, the eugenic promoters have helped to strengthen and encourage the growth on the economy and in workers and individuals lives (Hasian 490).
Eugenics as Defined by American Society
Most Americans define eugenics as individual freedom. It is clear that poverty erodes individual liberty. Moreover, eugenics attributes for social and political positions through a superior genetic makeup. However, eugenics can reform many different theories of economy. As a result, it advocates for direct administration and ownership on the allocation administration and production of different resources in the community. In this way, economic value is maximized. Socialists believe that eugenics concentrates unfairly on the segments of wealth and power in the society. This means that capitalism create unequal distribution of wealth in the society. On the other hand, eugenics provides person’s with equal opportunities in order to maximize their potential in a society. This does not in any way mean that eugenics is a fixed program or doctrine but simply mean that socialism advocates for economic rationalization. However, contradiction arises between revolutionalists and reformists on the advocacy of the same. Therefore, other advocates for exchange in production while other advocate for direct production of the same. Eugenics has not only inspired economic development but has also created centrally developed and planned economies. In this way, many other countries from the historic times to date have advocated and introduced this form of eugenics development. These countries do not only combine state and cooperative ownership programs but have also introduced a free price system in a free price system. In the modern times, social democrats have suggested and proposed that national industries should maintain mixed economies in order to maintain private and capital business ownership. This has helped to promote tax-funded programs and market regulations. It is interesting to note that other European states which still hold pro capitalism views on the same refer to themselves as eugenics at the same times. Since the term eugenics means liberty. In the modern times, socialism has been introduced in the working class and intellectual political movements which criticize private ownership and industrialization in the community or society.
Eugenics impact in America during 1900 to Present
The year 1900 to 1909 changed the American history in a great way. Many parties such as the Eugenics American movement were formed. In this way, progressive ideas and ideologies were introduced. These concepts and ideas helped to change people’s life dramatically during this season. It is important to note that during this season and time, many people lived in very poor living standards and without the basic utilities and freedoms that are available in the modern times. This was a turning around for the American people and the whole world as well. After the introduction of eugenics, the American people enjoyed fair distribution of wealth and thus the poverty levels reduced by a large percentage. However, not all American people support eugenics.
Eugenics and Economics
The original purpose of eugenics was to develop an economic system that would directly allocate allocations, mobilize physical units in the economy and satisfy economic demand and individuals basic needs. This was a perfect competition against capitalism. The economic theories and systems in this case organized production mechanism in order to allocate resources equality and accurately. An equal power relation maximizes self-governance and self-management in production operations. These goals and principals help to coordinate a hierarchy in order to accomplish these goals. A self-managed economy is based on self-regulating economics in order to decentralise economy (Mark 369). State-directed economy, on the other hand, is a system that is related to state cooperatives as a means of production. Market eugenics consists of cooperative or publicly owned an enterprise which operates within the market economy. This system helps to utilize the monetary prizes and the market in order to account and allocate for the means of production.
How American Policies Have Been Seen Over Time
From the historic period to date, the American eugenic polices have been seen as exceptional policies which depreciate old fashion democracy and powerful politics. In this way, liberal values have been transferred from the depositions of war and peace. However, critics have suggested that socialism democracy reconciles and advocates the economy to the social policies of the same. Consequently, it increases the distribution of skills, productive endowments and income redistribution in order to achieve the desired goals (Mark 369).
In conclusion, eugenics liberals from the historical times to the modern times have embraced fiscal conservatism and other attributes. They have preferred stronger genetic solutions which favor economic but reject capitalism. This has not only enhanced welfare reforms but has also promoted the economy of the country. However, eugenics has its weak points which need to be looked in to in order to improve the social economies in America.