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China’s History

Q1. In what way has China’s geography and natural resources affected imperialism and decolonization? How did this influence manufacturing in the region?

China is a vast land that has abundant natural resources. Despite the vast resources in the country, large parts of China’s interior are not highly developed. During ancient times, various dynasties that oppressed people while accumulating wealth for themselves ruled China. Abundant natural resources in China helped to attract the Japanese who were highly skilled in war. However, due to the vast size of the country the Japanese were unable to conquer all parts of the country. Thus large parts of the interior remained without experiencing colonization. Since China was not highly industrialized, it provided raw material to its neighbors such as Japan, who were more industrialized. This led to the increase in poverty of the country as its wealth benefited its neighbors (Clesse & Xu, 2004). Japan was able to obtain various raw materials such as coal, to fuel its thriving economy.

What factors influenced the use of communism in China?

China is one of the few communism countries in the world. Most countries in the world are capitalistic. Mao Zedong, a poorly schooled but highly intelligent Chinese is the person who greatly influenced the rise of communism in China. After the Boxer Rebellion of 1900 – when Chinese rode away all foreigners, killed all missionaries and Christian converts – Chinese citizens faced starvation and extreme poverty. This set the stage for the acceptance of Mao and communistic philosophies of Karl Marx. Mao had the support of a majority of people; most of them were poor Chinese farmers. Mao and a society that studied Marxism started the Chinese Communist Party. Mao led the army in defeating nationalists who were opposed to communism. After Mao gained leadership of the country, Chinese citizens gave him ample support and in return, he introduced several changes that helped to improve the lives of peasants. The Chinese Communist Party helped to improve the working conditions of various factories by nationalizing all properties (Tien & Cheng, 2000). Nationalization of all properties led to the reduction of massive inequalities between the poor and the risk, which existed in the Chinese society.