Crime Control and Community Safety
Crime control and community safety initiatives are initiatives designed to foster the development of the safety of the community and its members. Community safety plays into the hands of more articulate and better organized sections within the community whose rate of victimization may be inversely related to the intolerance of incivility. This program has its own goals and objectives which are, to recognize the crime prevention strategies that have been put in place and certify them. According to Siegel strategies help to reduce crime rates by denying motivated offenders then opportunity to commit a crime. However, some people do not change because they crime attractive.
Squires points out that there is a need to analyze what the community and safety more systematically and understand about the perspectives of those who live in areas where fears and perceptions of risks are high. The community members are expected to accomplish twelve core values related to safety and security that have been set. There should be provision initiatives that allow pretrial prevention of criminal suspects who might pose a danger to the community. This is because strategies help to reduce crime rates by denying motivated offenders then opportunity to commit crime. However, some people do not change because they crime attractive.
1. In what ways might crime control and community safety initiatives in ‘late modernity’ be questioned?
The safe town partnership is an initiative that works with organizations and businesses in order to identify criminals and at the same time reduce the number of crimes. According to Helms, unsafe streets have moved to the centre stage not only of crime control and policing policies but also of the wider national and urban governance which helps to make the streets more safe, retail crime to be beaten and youth to be diverted into constructive pastimes. Finklea notes that omnibus crime control and safe streets Act of 1968 was one of the major pieces of legislation put in place to directly address crimes.
A radio system, which is placed at the centre of towns and is connected to organizations and other business premises, is used to monitor and detect criminal activities. Bard and Kovarik,notes that a radio system would require a more extensive set of operational scenarios and uses; in order to describe the detailed dependencies and interactions of that particular system. This system is linked to the CCTV control center and the police stations which enable them to monitor and detect any criminal activities. Wakefield and Fleming note that community safety seeks to involve social agencies, for example, public police in crime prevention and safety promotion
The radio systems are place on roads, shopping malls and centers, public places such as parks among other places. However, the use of the radio system can be questioned because they are not located in all places hence they are not applicable in some places. Crimes that are committed to residential places cannot be detected; which means that they only cater for criminal activities that take place in public areas. Crowe and National Crime Prevention Institute points out that there is the need to provide barriers to prevent unauthorized to residential areas and other buildings. The radio systems can also be questioned because some of them are not functional or rather they are not on for twenty four hours. This means that some criminal activities cannot be captured which affects the investigation efforts. The other crime prevention and control initiatives that have been put in place the alcohol control areas. This is an initiative that seeks to reduce crimes and other disorders associated with crime within the alcohol control areas.
According to the Criminal and Justice act 2001, the local authorities have been given power to designate public places if at all they are not satisfied with the activities that take place. An example of this is any act related to consumption of alcohol that results to disorder and nuisance. Local authorities have a right to arrest people involved and the maximum penalty follows. Stenson and Cowell, notes that a number of local authorities are now developing crime reduction strategies in which crime prevention to various department is easily identified, objectives and targets set, and their progress is monitored. This initiative caters for public areas only which means that private areas are not in the picture.
The other initiative is the Charlton Athletic estate football programme which was launched to divert the attention of the young people from participating in antisocial activities. According to Hughes, McLaughlin and Muncie, community safety starts with investing more in youth work, community work, street-corner work and schools. This is an extremely important program that not only seeks to prevent crime, but also helps in the promotion of good health and at the same time enriches the local community members. The program also plays a major role in the improvement of personal behavior, attitudes and the kind of lifestyle people live. However, this program does not consider adults who are also prone to criminal related activities.
The strategies to prevent crime that have been put in place in the community cannot be exhausted. However, from the few that have been mentioned, it is evident that the initiatives that have been put in place are questionable in late modernity. This is because people have come with new ways of doing thing, and they have also known where these initiatives apply and where they do not apply.
2. How can postmodern perspectives be used to develop our understanding of crime prevention strategie
The postmodern perspectives can be used as the basis for the development of peoples’ understanding of crime prevention strategies. Fisher and Lab note that understanding the decision-making process of offenders is very important because it helps in crime prevention. Research shows that there is the need to involve different groups of people in crime prevention. According to the research carried out, it is evident that the people involved in crime prevention are mostly the police and firms that provide the services which give a better understanding of crime prevention.
According to Ekblom, Wyvekens and Council of Europe, pooling knowledge, experience and equipments from different relevant fields and actors such as the police, Judiciary, youth organizations among other groups of people will make partnership preventive measures more legitimate and sustainable. This means that different groups of people should work together in order to make crime prevention to be successful
Moreover, O’Block, Donnermeyer & Doeren note that there is a need to involve different groups of people in the control of crime. This is because they will help individuals to know areas that they need to do adjustments, thereby improving on the measures and strategies that have been put in place to prevent crime. There is a need to focus on strategies that seek to prevent crime in the residential areas. Although it is difficult for the government and security firms to use radio systems in residential areas, there are other strategies that can be put in place to protect the community members. There is a need to carry out analysis to find out how effective each strategy is. By doing this, personnel involved in crime prevention activities will be in a better position of coming up with different strategies that will work for the entire community
The other strategies that can be used include ensuring that there is communication coordination of the landlord in areas that are known to have high-crime activities. Schneider and Kitchen (2009, p.592) points out that, there are many factors that contribute to crime rates in residential areas such as socioeconomic composition, density among others. Residents who are troublesome and participate in crime related activities should be reported to the authorities
According to Miyazawa, Miyazawa, the international society of criminology and Japan urban Research Institute crime intervention programs should intervene in the lives of individuals and their families which help to change their propensity to commit antisocial or criminal acts. It is important to share this information because it will play a major role in controlling their bad habits which will in return reduce the rate of crime. Communication also helps creates an opportunity for the landlord exert pressure on one another which assists in the maintenance of the buildings thereby discouraging crime related activities and at the same time creating relation bonds among people
The postmodern perspective is also important in the development of understanding of crime prevention activities. According to the United Nations perspectives enable personnel involved to identify better ways of doing things, for example, there is the need to establish more programs that cater for all community members in terms of prevention of crime. Establishing programs for specific groups of people is not important because other groups are also faced with the same problems that are related to crime. An example of a program that should be set as a strategy for crime control and prevention is a policing program for the community. This is a program should be established to solve community problems, improve on the contact between the community members and the police
Postmodern perspective also reflects the importance of evaluation of strategies that have been put in place to control crime. Evaluation is very important because it helps people to determine the crime rates and measures that reflect how people live. It also helps in the identification of gaps that need to be filled for maximum control of crimes.
In conclusion, crime prevention initiatives are very important in crime prevention and promotion of security in the community. However, there is the need to review, monitor and evaluate the progress and performance of the initiatives and strategies that have been put in place in order to make the initiatives successful. Payne notes that crime prevention strategies are aimed at keeping strangers from hurting people. This means that the strategies and initiatives that have been identified should protect the community members at all times.