Justice

BTK Case

The Bind Torture and Kill (BTK) case is one of the high profile criminal cases that illustrate the use of computer forensic evidence presented at court during the trial. The...


The Criminal Procedure

The practice of entrapment facilitates the apprehension of criminals. The state employs a secret agent to gather evidence by posing as a criminal. The entrapment defense applies only if the...


The Criminal Justice System and its Trends

Criminal justice is the system that prevents committing crimes and makes social control. It also presupposes protection of people that have been accused of a crime from abuse of a...


Mandatory Sentencing

Mandatory sentencing is a decision reached by a court where judicial prudence is restricted by law. Normally, punishment must be passed to people convicted of certain crimes and with at...


Trade Union Density in the UK

Introduction In any organization, the rights of the employees have to be respected. The desperate need for employee representation resulted in the formation of trade unions in the United Kingdom...


Public Confidence

The police is meant to be an instrument for the people in the community. The main reason as to why the police are set to be on duty round the...


Capital Punishment

Social and legal structures have deployed various methods to respond to inconsistency on established cultural and legal frameworks. The norms are formulated to promote a particular course of action in...


Canadian Law

Currently, the communication between people of the opposite sex is much easier than it was 200 years ago due to the advancement in technology. The internet is one of the...


African American Experience

One of the most notable and prominent type of disintegration that has existed in the American society apart from imperialism that was enacted on the natives was started by the...


Brief Cases

United States v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549, 115 S. Ct. 1624, 131 L. Ed. 2d 626 (1995) FACTS AND PROCEDURE Alfonso Lopez, Jr. (a 12th-grade student) studied at the Edison...


Affirmative Action Plan

Affirmative Action in the United States refers to Equal Employment Opportunities set by the government which requires that Federal contractors and subcontractors should strictly follow. The major purpose of this...


Murder

Murder is a form of offence, which involves the killing of another human being in an unlawful act. Murder is a crime that has continued to exist in society since...


Crime

Introduction Academic debate among professionals and justice departments have generally believed and accepted that criminality and crime are male-dominated in the United States, UK and Canada. Self-report journals, official statistics...


John Peter Zenger’s Trial

John Peter Zenger, a German-American publisher was accused of seditious libel for his criticism of a Colonial governor named William Cosby. (Gill 2007) The purpose of this paper is to...


Courts in Criminal Justice

The adversarial system can be considered as a battle of lawyer. It relies on passive judges as an umpire. The lawyers have to act both zealously and faithfully which means...


Court System Paper

Everyone has rights but some rights may be restricted or withheld once a person is convicted of a crime, the court in a bid to apply community-based corrections may opt...


Workplace Discrimination

The entire essay is a demonstration of vast racial discrimination against Latinos in the United States. Discrimination is evidenced in media practice, legal perspectives, education history, and politics among other...


Human Rights Watch

According to the situation in North Korea, there is a violation of basic human rights of its population. Even though North Korea is a member of international right treaty which...


Straight Scared

Introduction While it may prove difficult to pin down the exact time for the origin of crime, it is true that crime has been in existence since man began to...


Civil Right Movement

As the civil right movement in the United States grew, Martin Luther King Jr. was able to capture the nation with his philosophy that advocated for non violent resistance. He...


Right to Bear Arms

There are more than 200 million firearms in the hands of American citizens today. The issue in the use and possession of firearms in the United States has been an...


Civil Liberties

About 6 weeks after the terrorist attacks in September 11 attacks, he American Congress in haste and panic enacted the USA Patriot Act (Brasch, 3). This was a revision of...


Final Essays

Question 1 Terrorism in the United States has had effects to the police force. The major terrorist attack that has impacted law enforcement agencies has been the attack on September...


Quest for Meaning

Introduction Justice is the principle of being impartial/fair or giving to each what he/she is due and it forms the basic structure of a society. The quest for justice whether...


To Ensure Justice

To accomplish this assignment, I conducted an interview with Mr. Kevin Santos, a criminal defense/immigration lawyer, located at 680 Wolf Ave, Easton PA 18042. Before setting up in private practice,...


Valuing Intellectual Property

The late 1990s saw the rise of corporate valuations arising from ownership of various forms of intellectual property, rather than the traditional value arising from production and sale of goods...


The Purpose of Criminal Punishment

Capital punishment refers to putting to death of an individual by the state to punish him or her for a crime. Throughout history, capital punishment has been used in societies...


The Exclusionary Rule – Search and Seizure

Search and Seizure are the methods the law enforcement use to investigate crimes, hunt down evidence, arrest suspects, and interrogate witnesses. Search and Seizure also relate to the legal rules...


Life Imprisonment without Death Sentence

Introduction The term juvenile refers to individuals in the society who are below the age of 18 in most countries. This age is called the age of majority. The society...


Juvenile Justice System

What is meant by the chapter opening quote? The quote acting out in this chapter describes the behavior in which the youth freely convey their hostile impulses. They usually do...


Texas Juvenile Justice within the TDCJ

Introduction The justice system for the young people differs from the adult justice system in that the juvenile justice system emphasis more on rehabilitation of the delinquents. The juvenile justice...


Ted Bundy

Ted Bundy was a renowned person in American because of the crimes he committed in the course of his lifetime (Schmid, 2005). From around 1974 to 1978, he was an...


Issues Affecting the Internet

While internet service providers are expected to provide adequate safety for internet users, it is not in their jurisdiction to monitor content posted by users on their websites. Similarly, the...


Statement of Auditing Standards (SAS): SAS No. 115 and SAS No. 112

Every company requires a system that enables its financial information to be documented properly for the sake of records and final reports. These systems have for a long time been...


State of Georgia vs. Brian Gene Nichols

In the case of State of Georgia vs. Brian Gene Nichols, Brian was convicted on all 54 counts of different crimes all including murder, kidnapping, armed robbery, assault, theft among...


Effects of Terrorism

Introduction The criminal justice system is a country's social control since some behaviors are known to be harmful to the rest of the population of a country. These dangerous behaviors...


Space Administration

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a USA agency of the USA. Its main function is to oversee the nation's civilian space program and research of aeronautics. NASA...


Sex Trafficking

According to Bennett (1994), domestic issues are those problems taking place in a country, such as human trafficking in Canada. Human trafficking is a form of slavery that involves the...


Sex Crimes Investigation

Sex crimes investigation is a complex process as it involves step by step action of finding out the cause of the termed crime. Sex crimes investigation must be successful in...


International Terrorism

In the world we are living in terrorism is and continues to be one of the major threats to international security and peace. Terrorism is both a global and complex...


Self Defense and Insanity Defense Memo

These are the possible defenses by excuse in criminal trials. The defendant can argue that he or she should not be held criminally responsible for committing a crime simply because...


Saving Accounts

Throughout the world, a lot of people strive to cut their daily expenses in order to save as much as they can and afford to own greater and, often, more...


Roe vs. Wade: Pro Choice

The problem of abortion is one of the hardest issues humanity faced. Can an abortion be considered as a standard private surgery procedure? The addressing of the issue of abortion...


International Relations

The discipline of international relations continues to change given the emerging global trends that the human race cannot ignore. Issues that affect international relations are now broader than they were...


International law

International law is the term mainly used when referring to laws that rule the conducting of free or independent nations in their associations with one another. In a better and...


Rogerian Argument & Ban on Smoking in Public Places

Cigarette smoking has serious health problems both to the first-hand and second-hand smokers. Individuals are faced with the risk of contracting lung cancer, high blood pressure and cataracts among other...


Road Accidents

Texas is the second biggest state in terms of geographical boundaries and second most populous state in the United States. Studies also showed that this state also had the highest...


What is Tort of Negligence?

Tort of negligence refers to a tort committed by lack by a person, to act reasonably to someone they owe duty, as the law requires under the circumstances. Torts of...


Understanding Hate Crimes

People have different feelings towards different culture, beliefs, religion, sexual orientation among other values demonstrated in a culturally, economically and socially diverse society (Archer, 1995). Hate crime refers to the...


U.S. Supreme Court

Introduction One of the nominees of the Supreme Court as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court was Clement Furman Haynsworth. This is one of the unsuccessful nominees to the...


Draft Abstract about The Constitutional Convention of 1787 by Christopher and James Lincoln Collier

Decision in Philadelphia: The Constitutional Convention of 1987 details the workings of the drafting of the United States Constitution in 1787. The book points out evens that occurred which could...


Tracking a Suspect

According to Taylor & Quayle (2003), child pornography is defined as the films or images, and sometimes writings showing sexual activities that involve children. The information provided has been made...


Racial Justice Act

Luther strongly demanded racial justice for the Black American people. He believed that time had come for the Negro community to be recognized as full American citizens. He reminded them...


Racial Bias in the Criminal Justice System

The question whether there is racial bias in the criminal justice system has haunted the United States of America for a long time. Even the people who answer negatively are...


Purposes and Effectiveness of Criminal Sentencing

The primary justification for sentencing is the punishment to the offender. An offender is sentenced after pleading guilty to the offense, or after the summary hearing in a local court...


The Law

A contract is a union among two or more parties, particularly one that is written and enforceable by law. In order for the contract to be valid, there are requirements...


Proprietary Estoppel Law

A constructive trust can be defined as an implied trust and equitable remedy that is created in a court of law for the benefit of justice. It would be unjust...


Probation Officers

Paroleorprobation officers are a crucial facet of the United States criminal justice system. However, in undertaking some of their duties a number of controversies arose. These controversies attribute to some...


Probation and Parole

"Two out of every three convicted offenders are on probation, yet probation budgets account for only 10 percent of the entire correctional budget. As a result of a severe shortage...


Privacy and Surveillance

Utilitarian ethics have a linkage to principles of utilitarianism that have a tracing back to writings by Jeremy Bentham (Shanahan & Wang, 2003). During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Bentham...


Prison Furlough Programs

In the field of criminal justice, a furlough is defined as a temporary leave of absence from a prison term and it can take place voluntarily or involuntarily (Carlson &...


Policy Making in the Administration of Justice

Policy making refers to a strategic process, which involves the projection of the future implications, identification of preferred results from a given set of options, creation of programs or course...


How an Investigator Prepares His Case for Trial

Introduction The arrest of a suspect is only the beginning of the investigation. After the arrest, the investigator has to submit relevant reports. These reports get reviewed by many other...


Parole

Parole is the conditional release of the convict of a crime before the end of the convicts' period of imprisonment. The parole is subject to supervision by the justice and...


Newton’s Laws of Motion

Sir Isaac Newton made major contributions to the field of philosophy; a science which deals with logical thinking. He is considered to be one of the most outstanding thinkers of...


Determine Deferred Taxes

Deferred taxes refer to the non-cash expense that is used to cover unpaid tax liabilities (Kieso, Weygandt, & Warfield, 2010). Deferred taxes are basically the product of tax laws that...


Death Penalty Policy Issue

Clients Enquiry The client's complaining in this scenario is a situation in which the relative experiences the death of his relative on the grounds of an allegation of a capital...


Hate crimes

Hate crimes, also referred to as bias-motivated crimes, are any violent or felony crime on the basis of prejudice against a given group. Hate crimes are the most expression of...


Monitoring and Evaluation of Crime Prevention

Project evaluation plays a major role in the implementation of crime projects which involves evaluation of the work done, evaluation of the controls already put in place to prevent crime,...


Gratz .v Bollinger

Introduction Gratz v. Bollinger is a United Supreme court case that occurred in the year 2003. This case regards the University of Michigan's policy of Undergraduate affirmative action. The decision...


Genocide, Massacre and Other Human Rights

Introduction The international criminal court is a permanent judicature that has been set up to try individuals for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. As from 2017, the court...


Medea’s Defense

To start with, I should mention that I am completely justifying Medea"s actions. Even if it may be quite brutal to kill four people, she still has a chance to...


Life without Parole “Cruel and Unusual” for Juveniles

Introduction Every year in the US, most children commonly termed as juveniles who have committed crimes which carry life sentence and have attained the age of 13 years are sentenced...


Current Criminal Justice

This is a country in the south American continent since it borders the United States which for the longest time had been known as the land of opportunity, there is...


Legalizing Marijuana

According to Thegooddrugsguide.com (2011), Cannabis is a drug that works by inducing a state of an intoxication where an individual experiences relaxation being dreamy and euphoria. Cannabis is considered to...


Left Realism Theory

Left Realism is a theory that attempts to explain the relationship between crime and social classes as well as how it can be combated socially. It explains crime in three...


Frivolous Cases

The nature of the verdict made upon a case determines whether the case is frivolous or not. In this regard, we will observe how the cases of Mrs. Haimes vs....


Casey Anthony Computer Crime

The Casey Anthony computer crime is a crime that involved the murder of Caylee Marie Anthony. Caylee was born in August 2005 and died in June 2008. The girl was...


Law Enforcement

Science of law enforcement and delivering of justice in a community, marred with incidences of juvenile delinquency is a matter, subjected to public scrutiny by retributionists. The criminal justice system...


Law Enforcement Agencies

Organization of law enforce agencies include military and paramilitary organizations. Paramilitary is a power whose purpose and organization are related to those of a specialized military; however which is not...


Juvenile Justice Policy Paper

Juveniles are all persons under the age of 18years and as minors, they deserve a kind of justice system that favours them to improve their lives teenage ill behavior is...


Juvenile Justice: Counseling

Our group has chosen to counsel as a form of youth rehabilitation. We believe that due to the maturity and the age of these offenders, they should be treated differently...


John Salvi Case

On December 30, 1994, John C. Salvi shot two women to death at abortion clinics in Brookline, Massachusetts. During his trial, the defense presented an argument that John Salvi was...


Justice in the United Arab Emirates

The UAE's legal system was recently adjudged to be 13th on the basis of eight factors, viz. fundamental rights, government power limitations, anti-corruption, peace and order, open government, regulatory enforcement,...


Juvenile Courts in United States

Persons aged below 18 years are regarded as underage and when they break the law they are not charged in the adult courts. They are charged in the young offender...


Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile delinquency is a state wherein persons of relatively young ages (mostly below 18 years) get involved in unlawful activities because of various reasons. Theses relatively young people are referred...


Forensic Toolkit

According to Ferraro, Casey, & McGrath (2005), the forensic toolkit is defined as a perfect tool that is used for thorough and complete forensic examinations. The forensic toolkit is composed...


Felony Disenfranchisement

Felony disenfranchisement is an issue that has been the subject of several discussions within the legal system of the United States. Felony disenfranchisement has been used as a way of...


Federal Debt Ceiling

The debt ceiling or limit is the amount that the government is permitted to borrow (Parkin 54). In the United States of America, the national law requires the Congress to...


Internet Piracy

Internet piracy means the act of downloading those materials that are copyrighted without the slightest knowledge of the copyright holder. The most common kinds of software piracy are retail piracy,...


International Tribunal

Abstract International tribunal plays a significant role in the prosecution of criminals. The tribunal is considered important because is assists in sorting out various crime issues and challenges that affect...


Crime and Society

It is defined as a crime which involves attacking another person and causing serious bodily harm and is caused by weapons considered deadly with intent to do so. It is...


Criminal Justice Corporal Punishment

Introduction Corporal punishment is the infliction of pain to an offender as a way of reforming him or for offenses committed. This infliction of pain can be through hitting, slapping,...


Illegal Narcotics Distribution

Narcotics have been known by humans to be the oldest and strongest forms of pain relievers. In ancient times, opium was discovered and used to relieve coughs, insomnia and also...


Criminal Investigation

A criminal Investigator performs one of the most important responsibilities in the defense squad. He should attain accumulative training that will enable him to identify or recognize any oncoming error....


Criminal Justice Communication

The two common language acquisition theories are; child acquisition theory and child imitation theory. In child acquisition theory, it is believed that children have an inborn ability to acquire learning...


Ethics Law

Since financial institutions are effectively seasoned and equipped to weigh risks and attach a price to these risks, Countrywide should have reduced the information symmetry between market prices. It should...


Crime as a Social Problem

The term "crime" refers to any action that contravenes basic and social values defined by morality (Hester 17). In other words, crime is a divergence from the societal norms defined...


Crime Control and Community Safety

Crime control and community safety initiatives are initiatives designed to foster the development of the safety of the community and its members. Community safety plays into the hands of more...


Eco Extra Credit

The rich individuals who are worried that the Tax Day of this year will be the last prior to their rates increasing have a lot of people to blame. Their...


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